سلة المشتريات

مختصر سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم A Concise Biography of the Prophet MUHAMMED Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab

مختصر سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم A Concise Biography of the Prophet MUHAMMED Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab
مختصر سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم A Concise Biography of the Prophet MUHAMMED Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab
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  • المؤلف: الإمام محمد بن عبد الوهاب Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab
45.00 ريال
In his book, “Mukhtasar Sîrat Ar-Rasûl: Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad”, Imâm Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb offers a detailed account of the events that took place before, during and after the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), focusing mainly on the period during which the honorable Prophet lived. This book begins with a general overview of the events that took place starting from the time of Adam until that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, then starts an elaborate description of the Prophet’s lineage, early life, Prophethood, battles and death. Then, the author mentions what took place during the Caliphate of Abû Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), especially the wars he waged against apostates.
الكتاب
الترقيم الدولي ISBN978-9960-686-33-5
اللغةالإنجليزية
التجليدكرتوني
نوع الورقشمواة ياباني
عدد الصفحات397
المقاس17 × 24 سم
عدد المجلدات1
الوزن850 جم
رقم الطبعة1
سنة الطبع2010

All praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his household and his Companions.

This abridged and comprehensible book titled “Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)” is one of the beneficial works of the prominent reformer Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. The book has been translated into English to be available for the English-speaking readers.

Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb (may Allah have mercy on him) introduced this book in a very fruitful way. In this book he indicated the importance of presenting only the authentic stories when clarifying religious issues and defending Islam. Also, he stressed the significance of making use of the evident lessons and great exhortations in these stories, which help the reader distinguish between truth and falsehood, good and evil, and guidance and deviation, as well as highlighting the characteristics of Islam and those of the Pre-Islamic period.

Studying the biography of the Prophet (PBUH) is regarded as an invitation to follow him (PBUH) as our Lord (Exalted be He) bestowed on him the most sublime virtues, the best manners and the most honorable qualities.

After reading the Prophet’s biography, the reader would know that Allah (Glorified be He) sent him to humankind when ignorance prevailed and the lights of the True Religion began to fade. Through the Prophet’s Call, he was able to enlighten the hearts of the believers and show them the right path. As a proof of this, Ja`far Ibn Abû Tâlib (may Allah be pleased with him) said to Negus (King of Abyssinia),

“O King! We were ignorant people. We worshipped idols and ate the meat of dead animals. We were accustomed to indulging in lewd behavior, severing the ties of kinship, treating our neighbors badly and the strong among us would consume the weak. This is how we were, but then Allah sent us a Messenger from among us. We were aware of his lineage, truthfulness, honesty and chastity. He began calling us to Allah and to believe that He is the only God, to worship only Him and to leave idol-worshipping, our forefathers’ religion. He also commanded us to be truthful in our speech, fulfill trusts, keep the ties of kinship, be kind to our neighbor and refrain from committing any prohibited matter or spilling blood unlawfully. Also he forbade us from lewd behavior, false speech…”

Allah (Exalted be He) also described the Messenger (PBUH) in the Noble Qur’ân saying:

{“O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And one who invites to Allah, by His Permission and an illuminating lamp.”}                         (Al-Ahzâb: 45, 46)

In addition, Muhammad (PBUH) was described in the Torah with similar qualities. `Attâ’ Ibn Yasâr (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

“I met `Abdullah Ibn `Amr Ibnul-`Âs and asked him, ‘Tell me about the description of Allah’s Messenger which is mentioned in the Torah.’  He replied, ‘Yes. By Allah, he is described in the Torah with some of the qualities attributed to him in the Qur’ân as follows:

{“O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner,”}

(Al-Ahzâb: 45)

and a guardian of the illiterate. You are My slave and My Messenger. I have named you ‘Al-Mutawakkil’ (i.e. one who depends upon Allah). You are neither discourteous, harsh nor a noisemaker in the markets. You do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness. Allah will not let him (the Prophet) die till he makes straight the crooked people by making them say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,’ with which will be opened blind eyes, deaf ears and enveloped hearts.”

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has the best characteristics and purest biography. Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) created him as a good example so that his nation would follow his Sunnah, be directed by his guidance and hold his traditions in a high rank.

This book represents an invitation to stick to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), and warn against what contradicts it in both word and deed. By doing so, one is, in fact, reviving the principles on which the call of Imâm Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb has been founded.

We ask Allah to grant Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb a great reward for his efforts in showing the truth and guidance.

May Allah confer peace and blessings upon the chosen Prophet, Muhammad Ibn `Abdullah, his household, his Companions and those who follow his guidance!

H. E. Sheikh Sâlih Ibn `Abdul-`Azîz Ibn Muhammad Âl-Sheikh

Minister of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da`wa and Guidance


[All] praise be [due] to Allah, Who has sent down upon His Servant [Muhammad] the Book and has not made therein any deviation. [He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward [i.e. Paradise] in which they will remain forever. It is He Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religions. And sufficient is Allah as Witness. Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are strong against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark [i.e. sign] is clear on their faces [i.e. foreheads] due to their prostration. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon His servant and Messenger, Muhammad, the leader of those who are the guided and the Seal of the Prophets, whom Allah sent to guide people out of darkness into the light and out of delusion into guidance. He (PBUH) recited the verses of his Lord to his people, taught them the Book and Wisdom and purified them after their being in evident aberration. Allah, the Almighty, has made Muhammad (PBUH) the means by which those of sealed hearts, deaf ears and blind eyes are guided. Allah has made Muhammad (PBUH) the light by which the Right Path is made clear to people. He has sent him to establish the proof upon humanity. Thus, he (PBUH) has passed away, leaving people well placed on the clear right path. The path that none diverts away from but will, surely perish.

This brief Prophetic Biography was selected and approved by Shaykhul-Islâm, Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. He is known to be a truthful scholar who strived patiently and persistently in the Cause of Allah and courageously called people to abide by the laws enjoined by Allah. He also devoted his life to Allah, reviving whatever had faded away of the marks of guidance and inculcating in people’s hearts whatever had been abolished of the pure beliefs of Islam. I introduce this book to the Muslims at a time when they are in dire need of it so as to act in accordance with its guidance. People will not thrive or succeed in all their affairs unless they follow in the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger, taking him as a good example. People only became weak and went astray when they abandoned adhering to Allah’s Covenant and renounced the traditions and guidance of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH). Only after deviating from the laws enjoined by Allah, has the darkness of ignorance haunted people’s hearts, causing the disbelievers to invade the Muslim strongholds and destroy their unity and fortifications. Thus, the Muslim nation was severed into different sects and parties, each of which was satisfied with its own principles. As a result, the enemies of Islam managed to overwhelm those diverse parties of the Muslim nation and use their resources to satisfy their greed and whims. Henceforth, the enemies succeeded in controlling Muslims, misleading them away from the teachings of Islam and left no stone unturned to split up their unity. The enemy stuck thorns in the sides of the Muslim nation, dug its claws and fangs into its heart, sucked the essence of its power and devoured its limbs greedily. Consequently, having exploited the wealth of the Muslim nation and having driven them away from the source of their honor, the enemies grew stronger and the Muslims became weaker. Had Allah not willed that to happen, it would not have happened; but ever is the Command of Allah a destiny creed.

All of these disasters that have befallen the Muslim nation were in reality due to nothing but that Muslims’ hearts were darkened by forsaking the guidance of Allah and His Messenger (PBUH). It was only through the effect of such darkness that the enemies of Islam found easy ways to mess with the fates of those ignorant, incautious Muslims. In this way, Muslims made themselves an easy prey and thus their enemies were able to deceive them and rob them of their genuine creed and of their human rights; to ridicule them as they pleased; and to usurp them as much as their malice and malevolence tempted them to do.

I earnestly pray to Allah to guide Muslims to equip themselves with useful knowledge, especially understanding the teachings and guidance provided in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (PBUH) as well as his Biography so that they become aware enough of the life they are leading. In addition, having learnt the Qur’ân and Sunnah, Muslims will be able to distinguish between what is harmful and what is useful for them, and thus, they will be able to make full use of the Graces Allah has bestowed upon them. Consequently, Muslims will successfully manage all their affairs with deep insight and guidance from Allah. Hence, Allah’s promise will come true as stated in the verse:

{“Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that- then those are the defiantly disobedient.”}                         (An-Nûr: 55)

This book is an extraction from the Biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), which was compiled and presented in its resourceful form by the staunch Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. He identified the malady afflicting the Muslim nation and then prescribed the useful treatment since he defined the exact deficiency and experienced its bad consequences. In effect, he dedicated his time and efforts to help people get rid of their non-Islamic practices, besides he exerted his utmost efforts to exterminate the deficiencies and uproot their bad consequences. The severest deficiency and incurable disease afflicting Muslims is nothing but the spread of ignorance, bad customs and traditions, which they inherited from their ancestors, and which diverted them away from the Straight Path. Hence, people contended with Allah and His Messenger after Guidance had been plainly conveyed to them, followed a path other than that of the believers and changed the favor of Allah into blasphemy by mocking the verses revealed by Allah. So, Allah left them in the path they chose, and let them taste different kinds of suffering.

This book is a synopsis of the Biography of Allah’s Messenger of which each Muslim is in a dire need in order to get out of the depths of darkness and move into light, from aberration into guidance, from the way of error into the way of right conduct, and from foolishness into wisdom.

I present this book on the Prophetic Biography as I went through the same difficulties that people suffer and experienced the hardships they feel, so I felt pity for people and myself. Thus, it is my duty towards Allah and then towards people to present to them such a useful, brief account of the Biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), so that Allah may benefit people and me from it and make guidance clearer to us. I also wish that Allah would remove the stain from people’s hearts and guide them back to the right path so that they will be able to lead the good life that Allah has promised those who abide by His teachings; Allah says:

{“Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer - We will surely cause him to live a good life…”}                       (An-Nahl: 97)

Allah also says:

{“… Then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray [in the world] nor suffer [in the Hereafter.”}                                               (Tâ-Hâ: 123)

O Allah! Accept this supplication and answer it, and prepare for Your sincere servants a secure, happy, good life.

In presenting this book, I have depended on authentic and verified valuable source written by a great scholar who is also a scrutinizer and researcher who always preached people to believe in Allah and declared His Oneness either orally or in writing (prose or poetry); Sheikh Sulaymân Ibn Shamân, who died at the end of the fifth decade of this century (of Hijrah). May Allah have mercy on him and forgive him and us. He left behind a good library full of valuable books either written or collected by him. Seekers of knowledge from among the people of Riyadh and others have made full use of this library. I, myself, have also benefited from this library with the help of his two noble sons, Sheikh Sâlih and Sheikh `Abdullah, may Allah reward them with good.

I have compared the themes of this book with their original in the reference books of Hadîth and those of Prophetic Biography, so I completed the missing parts in the book, which were so little. Besides, I added some words when necessary to make it easy for the readers of the Prophetic Biography nowadays. I only desire betterment to the best of my power; and my success (in my task) can only come from Allah. In Allah I trust, and unto Him I return. Allah suffices me: there is no God but Allah: on Him is my trust- He is the Lord of the Great Throne!

I hope I have repaid only part of the right of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) and I hope I have presented my fellow Muslims some of their due right on me. I pray to Allah to benefit them and me from the Biography and guidance of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), and I ask Him to bring us up according to the moral values Allah’s Messenger was characterized with. May He also enable us to truthfully and sincerely follow in the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him and all his household as well as those who follow them on the Straight Path till the Day of Judgment. The last of our supplications is, “Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy; and prepare for us from our affair right guidance. My Lord, I seek refuge with You from the incitements of the devils, and I seek refuge with You, my Lord, lest they be present with me. I seek refuge with the Lord of daybreak from the evil of that which He created, and from the evil of darkness when it settles, and from the evil of the blowers in knots, and from the evil of an envier when he envies!

Written by: Muhammad Hâmid Al-Fiqî

 

 

11About The Author
13Translator’s Preface
By Way of  Introduction:
19     Sheikh Sâlih Ibn Abdul-Azîz Ibn Muhammad Âl-Sheikh
By Way of  Introduction:
23     Muhammad Hâmid Al-Fiqî
29Concise Biography Of The Prophet
70The First Evidence
70Fighting the Apostates: Abû Bakr’s Attitude
74The Second Evidence
74Another Story from Time of Rightly-Guided Caliphs
76The Third Evidence
76What Happened at Time of Rightly-Guided Caliphs
77The Fourth Evidence
77Another Story Happenning at Time of Prophet’s Companions
79The Fifth Evidence
79Story Happenning at Time of Pious Predecessors
79The Sixth Evidence
79Story of Banû `Ubayd Al-Qaddâh
81The Seventh Evidence
81Story of Tatars
82Lineage of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
83The Story of the Elephant
87`Abdul-Muttalib, Grandfather of the Prophet (PBUH)
89The Children of `Abdul-Muttalib
90`Abdullah, Father of the Prophet (PBUH)
92Death of `Abdullah, Father of the Prophet (PBUH)
93Abû Tâlib: Prophet’s Uncle
96Ash-Shâm Trip and Prophet’s Marriage to Khadîjah
96Prophet’s Tahannuth in Cave of Hirâ’
96Rebuilding of Ka`ba
99Some Practices of Pre-Islamic Arabs
`Amr Ibn Luhayy Al-Khuzâ`î:
100First to Change Religion of Ibrâhîm
102Idol of Manât
102Idol of Al-Lât
103Idol of Al-`Uzzâ
103Idol of Hubal
104Idol of Dhul-Khalasah
104Idol of `Amm-Anas
105Beginning of Revelation
107Types of Revelation
109Early Converts to Islam
109Zayd Ibn Hârithah
112Sumayyah, First Martyr in Islam
112Beginning of Call
114First Blood to be Shed
114Polytheists’ Mockery
116First Immigration to Abyssinia
117Second Immigration to Abyssinia
Prophet’s Message in which He Asks Negus to Give
117Umm Habîbah to Him in Marriage
118Quraysh’s Delegation to Negus
121Negus’s Death
122Conversion of Hamzah Ibn `Abdul-Muttalib to Islam
122Conversion of `Umar (may Allah be Pleased with him) to Islam
124The Prophet (PBUH) under Patronage of Abû Tâlib
125Blockade of Banû Hâshim in Shi`b (Valley)
126Terminating Blockade
128Death of Abû Tâlib and Khadîjah
Quraysh’s Query about Spirit and People of Cave
129(Story of Sleepers of Ephesus)
Al-Walîd Ibnul-Mughîrah and His Allegation
134That the Qur’ân Is Sorcery
136Split of Moon
Challenging Prophet and Asking him to Perform
137Miracles
142Muhammad’s Journey to At-Tâ’if
144Al-Isrâ’ and Al-Mi`râj
145Al-Hijrah (Prophet’s Immigration)
146Al-`Aqaba’s First Pledge of Allegiance
Conversion of Sa`d Ibn Mu`âdh
148and Usayd Ibn Hudayr to Islam
150Second Pledge of Al-`Aqabah
154Immigration to Medina
Quraysh’s Plotting the Murder of the Prophet
155in Dar An-Nadwah
158Story of Surâqah Ibn Mâlik
159Story of Umm Ma`bad
160Messenger’s Entry into Medina
163Construction of the Mosque
164Building a House for `Â’ishah
164Fraternizing between Emigrants and Supporters
165Events of the First Year
166`Abdullah Ibn Salâm
167Events of the Second Year of Hijrah
167Change of Qiblah (Direction of Prayer)
170The First Liwâ’ (i.e. Brigade) Formed by the Prophet
170Expedition of `Ubaydah Ibnul-Hârith
171Expedition of Sa`d Ibn Abû Waqqâs
171Battle of Al-Abwâ’
171Battle of Buwât
171Battle of Al-`Ushayrah
172Expedition of `Abdullah Ibn Jahsh
172Killing of `Amr Ibnul-Hadramî
173Meanings of Fitnah
175Great Battle of Badr
185Distribution of Booties
186Captives of Badr
188Battle of Banû Qaynuqâ`
189Battle of Uhud
197The Fourth Year of Hijrah Began
197Battle of Al-Muraysî`
197Ifk (Slander) Incident
200Battle of Al-Ahzâb
208Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyah
217Battle of Khaybar
Arrival of Ja`far Ibn Abû Tâlib
220and His Company from Abyssinia
221Beseiging Some Jews at Valley of Al-Qurâ
222Compensatory `Umrah (Lesser Pilgrimage)
223Battle of Mu’tah
226Glorious Conquest
238`Amr Ibnul-`Âs Destroys Idol of Suwâ`
239Sa`d Ibn Zayd Destroys Idol of Manât
239Battle of Hunayn
247Hawâzin Asks for Captives’ Release
248Battle of At-Tâ’if
252Jurisprudential Rulings Deduced from Battle of At-Tâ’if
254Events of the Ninth Year after Hijrah
257Ka`b Ibn Zuhayr’s Conversion to Islam
258Battle of Tabûk
269Arab Deputations to the Prophet (PBUH)
269Banû Tamîm’s Deputation
271Deputation of Tay’
271Deputation of `Abdul-Qays
271Banû Hanîfah’s Deputation
273Abû Bakr Leads Pilgrimage Convoys
274Farewell Pilgrimage
275Usâmah’s Expedition to Al-Balqâ’
276Prophet’s Last Illness
279Prophet’s Death (PBUH)
282Saqîfah (meeting place or forum) of Banû Sâ`idah
284Public Election Of Abû Bakr
285Abû Bakr: His Virtues and His Caliphate
287The Event of Apostasy
290Allah was Good to Tay’ thanks to `Adiyy
292War against Apostates
298Khâlid’s March to Buzâkhah and Other Provinces
302Banû `Âmir as well as other Tribes Re-convert to Islam
304Khâlid Marches towards Al-Yamâmah
Apostasy of Al-Yamâmah’s People
306due to Believing in Musaylimah the Liar
313Khâlid Lets Forefront Forces Proceed from Al-Bitâh
321Apostasy of Banû Salîm
322Killing and Burning of Al-Fujâ’ah
326Apostasy of Bahrainis
332Apostasy of People of Dabâ and Azd of Oman
334The Year 12 A.H.
334Khâlid Marches to Iraq
335The Year 13 A.H.
335As-Siddîq’s Demise (may Allah be pleased with him)
336The Year 14 A.H.
338The Year 15 A.H.
338Battle of Qadisiya
339The Year 16 A.H.
339The Year 17 A.H.
340The Year 18 A.H.
340The Year 19 A.H.
340The Year 20 A.H.
340The Year 21 A.H.
341The Year 22 A.H.
341The Year 23 A.H.
343The Year 24 A.H.
343The Year 25 A.H.
344The Year 26 A.H.
344The Year 27 A.H.
345The Year 28 A.H.
345The Year 29 A.H.
346The Year 30 A.H.
347The Year 31 A.H.
348The Year 32 A.H.
348The Year 33 A.H.
349The Year 34 A.H.
349The Year 35 A.H.
351Al-Jamal Battle
351The Year 37 A.H.
356The Year 38 A.H.
356The Year 40 A.H.
357The Year 41 A.H.
358The Year 42 A.H.
358The Year 43 A.H.
358The Year 44 A.H.
358The Year 45 A.H.
358The Year 46 A.H.
358The Year 47 A.H.
358The Year 49 A.H.
359The Year 51 A.H.
359The Year 52 A.H.
360The Year 54 A.H.
360The Year 55 A.H.
360The Year 56 A.H.
360The Year 57 A.H.
360The Year 58 A.H.
360The Year 60 A.H.
364The Abbasid Dynasty
365Appendices
367Glossary
373Name Index
387Qur'anic Verse Index
391Hadîth Index
399Transliteration System