مختصر سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم A Concise Biography of the Prophet MUHAMMED Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab

مختصر سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم A Concise Biography of the Prophet MUHAMMED Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab

النوع : الإمام محمد بن عبد الوهاب Imam Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahhab


  • 45.00 ر. س

  • السعر بدون ضريبة : 45.00 ر. س
11 About The Author
13 Translator’s Preface
By Way of  Introduction:
19      Sheikh Sâlih Ibn Abdul-Azîz Ibn Muhammad Âl-Sheikh
By Way of  Introduction:
23      Muhammad Hâmid Al-Fiqî
29 Concise Biography Of The Prophet
70 The First Evidence
70 Fighting the Apostates: Abû Bakr’s Attitude
74 The Second Evidence
74 Another Story from Time of Rightly-Guided Caliphs
76 The Third Evidence
76 What Happened at Time of Rightly-Guided Caliphs
77 The Fourth Evidence
77 Another Story Happenning at Time of Prophet’s Companions
79 The Fifth Evidence
79 Story Happenning at Time of Pious Predecessors
79 The Sixth Evidence
79 Story of Banû `Ubayd Al-Qaddâh
81 The Seventh Evidence
81 Story of Tatars
82 Lineage of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
83 The Story of the Elephant
87 `Abdul-Muttalib, Grandfather of the Prophet (PBUH)
89 The Children of `Abdul-Muttalib
90 `Abdullah, Father of the Prophet (PBUH)
92 Death of `Abdullah, Father of the Prophet (PBUH)
93 Abû Tâlib: Prophet’s Uncle
96 Ash-Shâm Trip and Prophet’s Marriage to Khadîjah
96 Prophet’s Tahannuth in Cave of Hirâ’
96 Rebuilding of Ka`ba
99 Some Practices of Pre-Islamic Arabs
`Amr Ibn Luhayy Al-Khuzâ`î:
100 First to Change Religion of Ibrâhîm
102 Idol of Manât
102 Idol of Al-Lât
103 Idol of Al-`Uzzâ
103 Idol of Hubal
104 Idol of Dhul-Khalasah
104 Idol of `Amm-Anas
105 Beginning of Revelation
107 Types of Revelation
109 Early Converts to Islam
109 Zayd Ibn Hârithah
112 Sumayyah, First Martyr in Islam
112 Beginning of Call
114 First Blood to be Shed
114 Polytheists’ Mockery
116 First Immigration to Abyssinia
117 Second Immigration to Abyssinia
Prophet’s Message in which He Asks Negus to Give
117 Umm Habîbah to Him in Marriage
118 Quraysh’s Delegation to Negus
121 Negus’s Death
122 Conversion of Hamzah Ibn `Abdul-Muttalib to Islam
122 Conversion of `Umar (may Allah be Pleased with him) to Islam
124 The Prophet (PBUH) under Patronage of Abû Tâlib
125 Blockade of Banû Hâshim in Shi`b (Valley)
126 Terminating Blockade
128 Death of Abû Tâlib and Khadîjah
Quraysh’s Query about Spirit and People of Cave
129 (Story of Sleepers of Ephesus)
Al-Walîd Ibnul-Mughîrah and His Allegation
134 That the Qur’ân Is Sorcery
136 Split of Moon
Challenging Prophet and Asking him to Perform
137 Miracles
142 Muhammad’s Journey to At-Tâ’if
144 Al-Isrâ’ and Al-Mi`râj
145 Al-Hijrah (Prophet’s Immigration)
146 Al-`Aqaba’s First Pledge of Allegiance
Conversion of Sa`d Ibn Mu`âdh
148 and Usayd Ibn Hudayr to Islam
150 Second Pledge of Al-`Aqabah
154 Immigration to Medina
Quraysh’s Plotting the Murder of the Prophet
155 in Dar An-Nadwah
158 Story of Surâqah Ibn Mâlik
159 Story of Umm Ma`bad
160 Messenger’s Entry into Medina
163 Construction of the Mosque
164 Building a House for `Â’ishah
164 Fraternizing between Emigrants and Supporters
165 Events of the First Year
166 `Abdullah Ibn Salâm
167 Events of the Second Year of Hijrah
167 Change of Qiblah (Direction of Prayer)
170 The First Liwâ’ (i.e. Brigade) Formed by the Prophet
170 Expedition of `Ubaydah Ibnul-Hârith
171 Expedition of Sa`d Ibn Abû Waqqâs
171 Battle of Al-Abwâ’
171 Battle of Buwât
171 Battle of Al-`Ushayrah
172 Expedition of `Abdullah Ibn Jahsh
172 Killing of `Amr Ibnul-Hadramî
173 Meanings of Fitnah
175 Great Battle of Badr
185 Distribution of Booties
186 Captives of Badr
188 Battle of Banû Qaynuqâ`
189 Battle of Uhud
197 The Fourth Year of Hijrah Began
197 Battle of Al-Muraysî`
197 Ifk (Slander) Incident
200 Battle of Al-Ahzâb
208 Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyah
217 Battle of Khaybar
Arrival of Ja`far Ibn Abû Tâlib
220 and His Company from Abyssinia
221 Beseiging Some Jews at Valley of Al-Qurâ
222 Compensatory `Umrah (Lesser Pilgrimage)
223 Battle of Mu’tah
226 Glorious Conquest
238 `Amr Ibnul-`Âs Destroys Idol of Suwâ`
239 Sa`d Ibn Zayd Destroys Idol of Manât
239 Battle of Hunayn
247 Hawâzin Asks for Captives’ Release
248 Battle of At-Tâ’if
252 Jurisprudential Rulings Deduced from Battle of At-Tâ’if
254 Events of the Ninth Year after Hijrah
257 Ka`b Ibn Zuhayr’s Conversion to Islam
258 Battle of Tabûk
269 Arab Deputations to the Prophet (PBUH)
269 Banû Tamîm’s Deputation
271 Deputation of Tay’
271 Deputation of `Abdul-Qays
271 Banû Hanîfah’s Deputation
273 Abû Bakr Leads Pilgrimage Convoys
274 Farewell Pilgrimage
275 Usâmah’s Expedition to Al-Balqâ’
276 Prophet’s Last Illness
279 Prophet’s Death (PBUH)
282 Saqîfah (meeting place or forum) of Banû Sâ`idah
284 Public Election Of Abû Bakr
285 Abû Bakr: His Virtues and His Caliphate
287 The Event of Apostasy
290 Allah was Good to Tay’ thanks to `Adiyy
292 War against Apostates
298 Khâlid’s March to Buzâkhah and Other Provinces
302 Banû `Âmir as well as other Tribes Re-convert to Islam
304 Khâlid Marches towards Al-Yamâmah
Apostasy of Al-Yamâmah’s People
306 due to Believing in Musaylimah the Liar
313 Khâlid Lets Forefront Forces Proceed from Al-Bitâh
321 Apostasy of Banû Salîm
322 Killing and Burning of Al-Fujâ’ah
326 Apostasy of Bahrainis
332 Apostasy of People of Dabâ and Azd of Oman
334 The Year 12 A.H.
334 Khâlid Marches to Iraq
335 The Year 13 A.H.
335 As-Siddîq’s Demise (may Allah be pleased with him)
336 The Year 14 A.H.
338 The Year 15 A.H.
338 Battle of Qadisiya
339 The Year 16 A.H.
339 The Year 17 A.H.
340 The Year 18 A.H.
340 The Year 19 A.H.
340 The Year 20 A.H.
340 The Year 21 A.H.
341 The Year 22 A.H.
341 The Year 23 A.H.
343 The Year 24 A.H.
343 The Year 25 A.H.
344 The Year 26 A.H.
344 The Year 27 A.H.
345 The Year 28 A.H.
345 The Year 29 A.H.
346 The Year 30 A.H.
347 The Year 31 A.H.
348 The Year 32 A.H.
348 The Year 33 A.H.
349 The Year 34 A.H.
349 The Year 35 A.H.
351 Al-Jamal Battle
351 The Year 37 A.H.
356 The Year 38 A.H.
356 The Year 40 A.H.
357 The Year 41 A.H.
358 The Year 42 A.H.
358 The Year 43 A.H.
358 The Year 44 A.H.
358 The Year 45 A.H.
358 The Year 46 A.H.
358 The Year 47 A.H.
358 The Year 49 A.H.
359 The Year 51 A.H.
359 The Year 52 A.H.
360 The Year 54 A.H.
360 The Year 55 A.H.
360 The Year 56 A.H.
360 The Year 57 A.H.
360 The Year 58 A.H.
360 The Year 60 A.H.
364 The Abbasid Dynasty
365 Appendices
367 Glossary
373 Name Index
387 Qur'anic Verse Index
391 Hadîth Index
399 Transliteration System

All praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his household and his Companions.

This abridged and comprehensible book titled “Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)” is one of the beneficial works of the prominent reformer Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. The book has been translated into English to be available for the English-speaking readers.

Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb (may Allah have mercy on him) introduced this book in a very fruitful way. In this book he indicated the importance of presenting only the authentic stories when clarifying religious issues and defending Islam. Also, he stressed the significance of making use of the evident lessons and great exhortations in these stories, which help the reader distinguish between truth and falsehood, good and evil, and guidance and deviation, as well as highlighting the characteristics of Islam and those of the Pre-Islamic period.

Studying the biography of the Prophet (PBUH) is regarded as an invitation to follow him (PBUH) as our Lord (Exalted be He) bestowed on him the most sublime virtues, the best manners and the most honorable qualities.

After reading the Prophet’s biography, the reader would know that Allah (Glorified be He) sent him to humankind when ignorance prevailed and the lights of the True Religion began to fade. Through the Prophet’s Call, he was able to enlighten the hearts of the believers and show them the right path. As a proof of this, Ja`far Ibn Abû Tâlib (may Allah be pleased with him) said to Negus (King of Abyssinia),

“O King! We were ignorant people. We worshipped idols and ate the meat of dead animals. We were accustomed to indulging in lewd behavior, severing the ties of kinship, treating our neighbors badly and the strong among us would consume the weak. This is how we were, but then Allah sent us a Messenger from among us. We were aware of his lineage, truthfulness, honesty and chastity. He began calling us to Allah and to believe that He is the only God, to worship only Him and to leave idol-worshipping, our forefathers’ religion. He also commanded us to be truthful in our speech, fulfill trusts, keep the ties of kinship, be kind to our neighbor and refrain from committing any prohibited matter or spilling blood unlawfully. Also he forbade us from lewd behavior, false speech…”

Allah (Exalted be He) also described the Messenger (PBUH) in the Noble Qur’ân saying:

{“O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And one who invites to Allah, by His Permission and an illuminating lamp.”}                         (Al-Ahzâb: 45, 46)

In addition, Muhammad (PBUH) was described in the Torah with similar qualities. `Attâ’ Ibn Yasâr (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

“I met `Abdullah Ibn `Amr Ibnul-`Âs and asked him, ‘Tell me about the description of Allah’s Messenger which is mentioned in the Torah.’  He replied, ‘Yes. By Allah, he is described in the Torah with some of the qualities attributed to him in the Qur’ân as follows:

{“O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner,”}

(Al-Ahzâb: 45)

and a guardian of the illiterate. You are My slave and My Messenger. I have named you ‘Al-Mutawakkil’ (i.e. one who depends upon Allah). You are neither discourteous, harsh nor a noisemaker in the markets. You do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness. Allah will not let him (the Prophet) die till he makes straight the crooked people by making them say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,’ with which will be opened blind eyes, deaf ears and enveloped hearts.”

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has the best characteristics and purest biography. Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) created him as a good example so that his nation would follow his Sunnah, be directed by his guidance and hold his traditions in a high rank.

This book represents an invitation to stick to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), and warn against what contradicts it in both word and deed. By doing so, one is, in fact, reviving the principles on which the call of Imâm Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb has been founded.

We ask Allah to grant Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb a great reward for his efforts in showing the truth and guidance.

May Allah confer peace and blessings upon the chosen Prophet, Muhammad Ibn `Abdullah, his household, his Companions and those who follow his guidance!

H. E. Sheikh Sâlih Ibn `Abdul-`Azîz Ibn Muhammad Âl-Sheikh

Minister of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da`wa and Guidance


[All] praise be [due] to Allah, Who has sent down upon His Servant [Muhammad] the Book and has not made therein any deviation. [He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward [i.e. Paradise] in which they will remain forever. It is He Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religions. And sufficient is Allah as Witness. Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are strong against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark [i.e. sign] is clear on their faces [i.e. foreheads] due to their prostration. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon His servant and Messenger, Muhammad, the leader of those who are the guided and the Seal of the Prophets, whom Allah sent to guide people out of darkness into the light and out of delusion into guidance. He (PBUH) recited the verses of his Lord to his people, taught them the Book and Wisdom and purified them after their being in evident aberration. Allah, the Almighty, has made Muhammad (PBUH) the means by which those of sealed hearts, deaf ears and blind eyes are guided. Allah has made Muhammad (PBUH) the light by which the Right Path is made clear to people. He has sent him to establish the proof upon humanity. Thus, he (PBUH) has passed away, leaving people well placed on the clear right path. The path that none diverts away from but will, surely perish.

This brief Prophetic Biography was selected and approved by Shaykhul-Islâm, Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. He is known to be a truthful scholar who strived patiently and persistently in the Cause of Allah and courageously called people to abide by the laws enjoined by Allah. He also devoted his life to Allah, reviving whatever had faded away of the marks of guidance and inculcating in people’s hearts whatever had been abolished of the pure beliefs of Islam. I introduce this book to the Muslims at a time when they are in dire need of it so as to act in accordance with its guidance. People will not thrive or succeed in all their affairs unless they follow in the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger, taking him as a good example. People only became weak and went astray when they abandoned adhering to Allah’s Covenant and renounced the traditions and guidance of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH). Only after deviating from the laws enjoined by Allah, has the darkness of ignorance haunted people’s hearts, causing the disbelievers to invade the Muslim strongholds and destroy their unity and fortifications. Thus, the Muslim nation was severed into different sects and parties, each of which was satisfied with its own principles. As a result, the enemies of Islam managed to overwhelm those diverse parties of the Muslim nation and use their resources to satisfy their greed and whims. Henceforth, the enemies succeeded in controlling Muslims, misleading them away from the teachings of Islam and left no stone unturned to split up their unity. The enemy stuck thorns in the sides of the Muslim nation, dug its claws and fangs into its heart, sucked the essence of its power and devoured its limbs greedily. Consequently, having exploited the wealth of the Muslim nation and having driven them away from the source of their honor, the enemies grew stronger and the Muslims became weaker. Had Allah not willed that to happen, it would not have happened; but ever is the Command of Allah a destiny creed.

All of these disasters that have befallen the Muslim nation were in reality due to nothing but that Muslims’ hearts were darkened by forsaking the guidance of Allah and His Messenger (PBUH). It was only through the effect of such darkness that the enemies of Islam found easy ways to mess with the fates of those ignorant, incautious Muslims. In this way, Muslims made themselves an easy prey and thus their enemies were able to deceive them and rob them of their genuine creed and of their human rights; to ridicule them as they pleased; and to usurp them as much as their malice and malevolence tempted them to do.

I earnestly pray to Allah to guide Muslims to equip themselves with useful knowledge, especially understanding the teachings and guidance provided in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (PBUH) as well as his Biography so that they become aware enough of the life they are leading. In addition, having learnt the Qur’ân and Sunnah, Muslims will be able to distinguish between what is harmful and what is useful for them, and thus, they will be able to make full use of the Graces Allah has bestowed upon them. Consequently, Muslims will successfully manage all their affairs with deep insight and guidance from Allah. Hence, Allah’s promise will come true as stated in the verse:

{“Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that- then those are the defiantly disobedient.”}                         (An-Nûr: 55)

This book is an extraction from the Biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), which was compiled and presented in its resourceful form by the staunch Sheikh Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb. He identified the malady afflicting the Muslim nation and then prescribed the useful treatment since he defined the exact deficiency and experienced its bad consequences. In effect, he dedicated his time and efforts to help people get rid of their non-Islamic practices, besides he exerted his utmost efforts to exterminate the deficiencies and uproot their bad consequences. The severest deficiency and incurable disease afflicting Muslims is nothing but the spread of ignorance, bad customs and traditions, which they inherited from their ancestors, and which diverted them away from the Straight Path. Hence, people contended with Allah and His Messenger after Guidance had been plainly conveyed to them, followed a path other than that of the believers and changed the favor of Allah into blasphemy by mocking the verses revealed by Allah. So, Allah left them in the path they chose, and let them taste different kinds of suffering.

This book is a synopsis of the Biography of Allah’s Messenger of which each Muslim is in a dire need in order to get out of the depths of darkness and move into light, from aberration into guidance, from the way of error into the way of right conduct, and from foolishness into wisdom.

I present this book on the Prophetic Biography as I went through the same difficulties that people suffer and experienced the hardships they feel, so I felt pity for people and myself. Thus, it is my duty towards Allah and then towards people to present to them such a useful, brief account of the Biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), so that Allah may benefit people and me from it and make guidance clearer to us. I also wish that Allah would remove the stain from people’s hearts and guide them back to the right path so that they will be able to lead the good life that Allah has promised those who abide by His teachings; Allah says:

{“Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer - We will surely cause him to live a good life…”}                       (An-Nahl: 97)

Allah also says:

{“… Then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray [in the world] nor suffer [in the Hereafter.”}                                               (Tâ-Hâ: 123)

O Allah! Accept this supplication and answer it, and prepare for Your sincere servants a secure, happy, good life.

In presenting this book, I have depended on authentic and verified valuable source written by a great scholar who is also a scrutinizer and researcher who always preached people to believe in Allah and declared His Oneness either orally or in writing (prose or poetry); Sheikh Sulaymân Ibn Shamân, who died at the end of the fifth decade of this century (of Hijrah). May Allah have mercy on him and forgive him and us. He left behind a good library full of valuable books either written or collected by him. Seekers of knowledge from among the people of Riyadh and others have made full use of this library. I, myself, have also benefited from this library with the help of his two noble sons, Sheikh Sâlih and Sheikh `Abdullah, may Allah reward them with good.

I have compared the themes of this book with their original in the reference books of Hadîth and those of Prophetic Biography, so I completed the missing parts in the book, which were so little. Besides, I added some words when necessary to make it easy for the readers of the Prophetic Biography nowadays. I only desire betterment to the best of my power; and my success (in my task) can only come from Allah. In Allah I trust, and unto Him I return. Allah suffices me: there is no God but Allah: on Him is my trust- He is the Lord of the Great Throne!

I hope I have repaid only part of the right of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) and I hope I have presented my fellow Muslims some of their due right on me. I pray to Allah to benefit them and me from the Biography and guidance of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH), and I ask Him to bring us up according to the moral values Allah’s Messenger was characterized with. May He also enable us to truthfully and sincerely follow in the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him and all his household as well as those who follow them on the Straight Path till the Day of Judgment. The last of our supplications is, “Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds!”

Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy; and prepare for us from our affair right guidance. My Lord, I seek refuge with You from the incitements of the devils, and I seek refuge with You, my Lord, lest they be present with me. I seek refuge with the Lord of daybreak from the evil of that which He created, and from the evil of darkness when it settles, and from the evil of the blowers in knots, and from the evil of an envier when he envies!

Written by: Muhammad Hâmid Al-Fiqî

 

 

In his book, “Mukhtasar Sîrat Ar-Rasûl: Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad”, Imâm Muhammad Ibn `Abdul-Wahhâb offers a detailed account of the events that took place before, during and after the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), focusing mainly on the period during which the honorable Prophet lived. This book begins with a general overview of the events that took place starting from the time of Adam until that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, then starts an elaborate description of the Prophet’s lineage, early life, Prophethood, battles and death. Then, the author mentions what took place during the Caliphate of Abû Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), especially the wars he waged against apostates.
الكتاب
الترقيم الدولي ISBN 978-9960-686-33-5
اللغة الإنجليزية
التجليد كرتوني
نوع الورق شمواة ياباني
عدد الصفحات 397
المقاس 17 × 24 سم
عدد المجلدات 1
الوزن 750 جم
رقم الطبعة 1
سنة الطبع 2010